Hard skills for QA engineers
Some of the critical hard skills that a QA engineer needs to perform well include maintaining the bug database, understanding the systems, being familiar with tools for test management and tracking bugs, and understanding certain programming languages.
Maintaining the bug database
Since the bug database denotes the state the product is in, top QA engineers must be able to maintain it. This means they must also stay aware of how shipping a product with bugs will impact the customer.
If a QA engineer ships a product with bugs, they should make this decision after considering the risks involved and acknowledging that they aren’t unmanageable.
Understanding the systems’ specifications
Because specifications represent the many systems involved in the development process, a QA engineer should consider the reality of each use case and understand the systems’ specifications.
Being familiar with tools for test management and bug tracking
One process that’s vital in a QA engineer’s role is bug tracking. Therefore, having the right tools for bug tracking and test management is crucial. Some of the essential tools that a QA engineer candidate might be familiar with include the web-based tool BugHerd, Mantis Bug Tracker, Asana, Marker.io, and Stryka.
There are also many test management tools that a QA engineer might recognize, including TestRail, TestFLO for Jira, Jira, QAComplete, and VersionOne.
However, since bug tracking and test management tools are constantly being developed, QA engineers must recognize which ones are high quality and understand which of them are ideal for their particular project.
Understanding certain programming languages
Since test automation is a crucial part of QA testing, QA engineers must understand certain programming languages to perform their roles effectively. They will need to carry out UI (user interface) test automation using programming languages such as Java, Python, C#, or Ruby.